Sierra de Grazalema natural park -  province of CÁDIZ, Spain.

Towns of the province of CÁDIZ:   Algar - Algeciras - Arcos de la Frontera - Barbate - Benalup-Casas Viejas - Cádiz - Castellar de la Frontera - Chiclana de la Frontera - Chipiona - Conil de la Frontera - El Bosque - El Puerto de Santa María - Grazalema - Jerez de la Frontera - Jimena de la Frontera - La Línea de la Concepción - Los Barrios - Los Caños de Meca - Medina-Sidonia - Olvera - Prado del Rey - Rota - San Fernando - San Martin del Tesorillo - San Roque / Sotogrande - Sanlúcar de Barrameda - Setenil de las Bodegas - Tarifa - Vejer de la Frontera - Villaluenga del Rosario - Zahara de la Sierra - Zahara de los Atunes -

  

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View over the lake in Zahara de la Sierra - Cádiz.

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PhotoAlbum of Sierra de Grazalema natural parkSierra de Grazalema natural park, CÁDIZ

Sierra de Grazalema natural park


Declared a Biosphere Reserve by Unesco, Sierra de Grazalema Natural Park is located in the north east of the province of Cadiz and in the north west of province of Malaga, at an altitude ranging from 250 to 1,654 metres above sea level. A Special Protection Zone for Birds, the Park covers 51,695 hectares and is among the areas of greatest ecological importance in the south of the peninsula, and therefore of great significance in Spain as a whole.

Zahara de la SierraIt has the highest rainfall in the Iberian Peninsula, with an annual average of over 2,000 litres per square metre, and is the most important western massif of the Subbetica range. Its heavy rainfall and limestone terrain have created a limestone landscape rich in slopes, grottoes, caves and winding gorges.

The Sierra del Pinar is an important forest of Spanish firs, considered a vegetational relic of the tertiary period.

Its main activities are centred on woodcutting and cattle farming (in some cases using wild stock). Industrial activities include the manufacture of woolen shawls and leather products; other sources of income are tourism, hunting and recreational fishing.



Piraguismo en el embalse de ZaharaInitial eco-development experiments and other development initiatives have been carried out here. Human presence in the area dates back to the Palaeolithic period and today, one of the main objectives in its management is to strike a balance between human activity and the natural environment.

Towns and villages:


province of Cadiz: El Gastor, Benaocaz, El Bosque, Grazalema, Prado del Rey, Ubrique, Villaluenga del Rosario and Zahara de la Sierra.

province of Malaga:Benaojan, Cortes de la Frontera, Jimera de Libar, Montejaque and Ronda

Several of these town are also part of the famous Route of the white villages

Zahara de la Sierra

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Zahara de la Sierra


Flora and Fauna


Flora
Majaceite River, between Bosque y Benamahoma TownsThe finest Spanish pine grove in the country, a vegetational relic of the tertiary period, a veritable living fossil which only grows at altitudes of over 1,000 metres, is to be found in what is known as the Sierra del Pinar (Pine Grove Mountain Range). The rest of the Park’s vegetation, clearly Mediterranean in type, includes large areas of holm-oak woods. Cork oak, gall oak and pine groves are also to be found. Carob trees, wild olives and barberries also feature, along with riverside woods and thick scrub.

Fauna
One of the largest nesting colonies of tawny vultures in Europe is to be found here. Several species of eagle can be seen: the golden eagle, Hieraetus fasciatus, Aquila heliaca, Hieratus pennatus and Circaetus gallicus. Other birds such as the goshawk and the Egyptian vulture also inhabit the Park.
Also one of Europe’s largest bat colonies can be found here.
Mammals include genets, wild boar, stags and deer.

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